Proc. SPIE 5904-18 (2005)
Fujishiro, et al.
The MIR-L is the mid-IR (12--26 μm) instrument for Japanese infrared astronomical satellite, the ASTRO-F. The instrument has 2 observing modes: a wide field imaging mode with a field of view of 10.7×10.2 arcmin^2 and a low resolution spectroscopic mode with a spectral resolution R ～ 20. The spectroscopic mode provides with not only slit-spectroscopy for extended sources but also slitless-spectroscopy for point sources. We describe here the design, manufacturing, and performance evaluation of the cryogenic optical system of the MIR-L. The concept of the optical system design is to realize wide field observations with a compact size. The instrument employs a refractive optics of 5 lenses (CsI - CsI - KRS-5 - CsI - KRS-5) with a 256×256 pixel Si:As IBC array detector, 3 filters, and 2 grisms. The refractive indices of CsI and KRS-5 at the operating temperature of about 6 K have ambiguities because of the difficulty of the measurements. We therefore designed the MIR-L optics with tolerances for the uncertainties of the indices. Since both CsI and KRS-5 have the fragility and the large thermal expansion, we designed a specialized mounting architecture to prevent from making damages and/or decentrations of the lenses atcryogenic temperatures under the serious vibration during the launch. As a result, the optical system of the MIR-L has passed both vibration and thermal cycle tests without damage and performance degradation, and achieved diffraction limited performance over its full wavelength range at the operating temperature.