Journal of Biotechnology, 299-308 (2002)
Matsuoka H, Kosai Y, Saito M, Takeyama N, Suto H.
Single-cell viability assessment by means of plural dye probes require the spectral and temporal analysis of microscopic images of the test cells. To meet this requirement, we have developed a simple and compact spectro-imaging system using an image slicer and a grism. The image slicer was made of a bundle of 100 optical fibers. The field of view is divided into 10 x 10 sections. The spectral data of each section could be recorded every 5 s in the range from 400 to 800 nm at 5 nm resolution. The viability changes of yeast or tobacco single-cells were measured with this system. Using BY-2 cells, for example, the response to a chemical stress of saponin was measured by means of two fluorescent probes. The spectral-spatial-temporal data of fluorescein and DNA bound ethidium bromide provided us with useful information about the dynamic change of cell membrane permeability from which the cell viability was assessed.